Spode was first produced at the Stoke-on-Trent factory established by Josiah Spode (1733 - 1797) in 1770.
Josiah Spode Junior made the first type of English bone china.
Spode II continued the research his father had begun into bone-ash porcelain.
Potteries had experimented with adding burnt animal bone to their porcelain for a few decades, but Spode II perfected the proportions of this mix between 17.
They let firms like Spode and Rockingham do the pioneering work. Many of the old antique bone china making firms have not survived to the current day.